This refers to what to do with limbs of the attacker to rob him of power, balance or control. Simple examples are turning the limb over or raising it. These are usually practiced in flow drills so that one gets a feeling for intercepting a limb and taking the power out of it. At each belt level there are specific manipulations that should be practiced. These actually all occur in the kata and should be individually practiced for immediacy and smoothness. Here is a rundown of what we mean for each manipulation. Some places to look for this in the kata are given in parentheses.